• Home
  • Global News
  • Mathematician Who Cracked Nazi Code To Win World War II To Appear On Note
Mathematician Who Cracked Nazi Code To Win World War II To Appear On Note
Global  
NDTV

Alan Turing's electromechanical machine unravelled the Enigma code used by Nazi Germany and helped give the Allies an advantage in the naval struggle for control of the Atlantic.

 

MANCHESTER: Mathematician Alan Turing, whose cracking of a Nazi code helped the Allies to win World War Two but who committed suicide after being convicted for homosexuality, will appear on the Bank of England's new 50-pound banknote, the BoE said on Monday.
 
"As the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, as well as war hero, Alan Turing's contributions were far-ranging and path-breaking," BoE Governor Mark Carney, who took the final decision on the character selection, said.
 
"Turing is a giant on whose shoulders so many now stand."
 
Turing's electromechanical machine, a forerunner of modern computers, unravelled the Enigma code used by Nazi Germany and helped give the Allies an advantage in the naval struggle for control of the Atlantic.
 
His work at Bletchley Park, Britain's wartime code-breaking centre, was credited with shortening the war and saving many thousands of lives.
 
But he was stripped of his job and chemically castrated after being convicted of gross indecency in 1952 for having sex with a man. Homosexual sex was illegal in Britain until 1967.
 
Turing killed himself in 1954, aged 41, with cyanide. He was granted a royal pardon by Queen Elizabeth in 2013 for the criminal conviction that led to his suicide.
 
Rights campaigner Peter Tatchell, who campaigned for Turing's pardon and organised LGBT activists to vote for him in an early round of nominations for the banknote selection, said it was a breakthrough to have a known gay person appear on an English banknote for the first time.
 
"This is a much-deserved accolade for one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century," Tatchell said.
 
A 2014 film, "The Imitation Game", starring Benedict Cumberbatch as Turing, won an Oscar for best adapted screenplay.

 

In 2017, under new legislation known as "Turing's Law", Britain granted posthumous pardons to thousands of gay and bisexual men who were convicted of sexual offences under laws which have since been abolished
 
As well as an image of Turing, the new note will feature a table and mathematical formulae from a 1936 paper by Turing on computable numbers, an image of a pilot computer and technical drawings for the machines used to break the Enigma code.
 
The note will also include a quote by Turing about the rise of machine intelligence: "This is only a foretaste of what is to come, and only the shadow of what is going to be."
 
The 50-pound note is the BoE's highest-value banknote and is rarely used in daily transactions. The new note is expected to enter circulation by the end of 2021, the BoE said.

 
 


 
 


 
More in Global
One Armed Amputee Lifts 200 Pounds Of Weight Above His Head

In the summer of 2004, a young man named Logan Aldridge suffered a terrible injury in a wakeboarding accident. While Logan was out on the water, the rope around his...

Recently posted . 4 views

Who was Hans Christian Gram? Know About the Bacteriologist who Invente...

While treating a smear of bacteria with a crystal violet stain, followed by an iodine solution and organic solvent, Hans Christian Gram found differences in the str...

Recently posted . 7 views

US Woman In Coma After Using Mercury-Tainted Anti-Wrinkle Skin Cream

She suffered from mercury poisoning from a tainted anti-wrinkle cream imported from Mexico, KCRA reported.

Recently posted . 8 views

Gasps As Saudi Woman, 33, Walks Through Mall Without Customary Abaya

Last year, de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman hinted during an interview with CBS that the dress code may be relaxed, saying the robe was not mandato...

Recently posted . 8 views

Climate Change Not Asteroid Strike Killed Dinosaurs, Says New Study

According to Sean Gulick, the dinosaurs did not die from the asteroid impact, but rather they did not survive the resulting extreme climate conditions.

Recently posted . 6 views

 
 
 

Prashnavali

Thought of the day

Some people want it to happen, some wish it would happen, others make it happen.
Anonymous