Today in History: Oct. 31
History & Classics  
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Today is Halloween.
 
Today’s Highlight in History:
 
On Oct. 31, 1517, Martin Luther sent his 95 Theses denouncing what he saw as the abuses of the Catholic Church, especially the sale of indulgences, to the Archbishop of Mainz, Germany (by some accounts, Luther also posted the Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg), marking the start of the Protestant Reformation.
 
On this date:
 
In 1795, English poet John Keats was born in London.
 
In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state as President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation.
 
In 1926, magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
 
 
In 1517, Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany. (Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty images)
 
 
In 1795, English poet John Keats was born in London. (Photo by Culture Club/Getty Images)
 
 
In 1926, magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix. (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images)
 
 
In 1941, work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927. (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
 
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In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh security guards. (AFP PHOTO/BEDI/Getty images)
 
 
In 2005, civil rights icon Rosa Parks was honored during a memorial service in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
 
 
In 2016, Pope Francis marked the upcoming 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation by traveling to secular Sweden, where he encouraged Catholics and Lutherans to forgive the “errors” of the past and forge greater unity, including sharing in the Eucharist.
 
In this photo, Pope Francis waves as he arrives in his pope-mobile in Piazza Maggiore Square, in Bologna, Italy, Sunday, Oct. 1, 2017. Pope Francis is in Cesena and Bologna for a one-day visit. (Alessandro Bianchi/ Pool photo via AP)
 
In 1941, the Navy destroyer USS Reuben James was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Iceland with the loss of some 100 lives, even though the United States had not yet entered World War II. Work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927.
 
In 1956, Navy Rear Adm. George J. Dufek and six others became the first air travelers to set foot at the South Pole.
 
In 1967, Nguyen Van Thieu (nwen van too) took the oath of office as the first president of South Vietnam’s second republic.
 
In 1975, the Queen single “Bohemian Rhapsody” was released in the United Kingdom by EMI Records.
 
In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh (seek) security guards.
 
In 1992, Pope John Paul II formally proclaimed that the Roman Catholic Church had erred in condemning the astronomer Galileo for holding that the Earth was not the center of the universe.
 
In 1994, a Chicago-bound American Eagle ATR-72 crashed in northern Indiana, killing all 68 people aboard.
 
In 1996, a Brazilian Fokker-100 jetliner crashed in Sao Paulo, killing all 96 people on board and three on the ground.
 
In 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990, bound from New York to Cairo, crashed off the Massachusetts coast, killing all 217 people aboard.
 
Ten years ago: Three lead defendants in the 2004 Madrid train bombings were found guilty of mass murder and other charges, but four other top suspects were convicted on lesser charges and an accused ringleader was completely acquitted in the attacks that killed 191 people. Gold traded above $800 an ounce for the first time since 1980.
 
Five years ago: President Barack Obama joined New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie for a tour of damage along the Jersey coast from Superstorm Sandy; Wall Street was back in business after a two-day shutdown caused by the storm (stocks finished mixed).
 
One year ago: Pope Francis marked the upcoming 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation by traveling to secular Sweden, where he encouraged Catholics and Lutherans to forgive the “errors” of the past and forge greater unity, including sharing in the Eucharist.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 


 
 


 
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Prashnavali

Thought of the day

"Once you start a working on something, don't be afraid of failure and don't abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest."
Chanakya